AGE DE JEAN MARIE LE PEN

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Jean-Marie ns Pen and daughter Marine le Pen lay down flowers ont part ns a demonstration in paris in 2012. Marine le Pen later on expelled her father indigenous the denchères Front party.

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Even si far-right dirigeants Marine les Pen doesn"t make ce through the first round of français presidential élection Sunday, there"s no doubt she"s come to be a major figure in the français political landscape. In seulement six years at thé helm du the nationalist national Front party, elle has changed cette from a fringe party into a intérieur political forces to be reckoned with.

On a November night in 1976 once Marion anne Perrine le Pen was seul 8 year old, a bomb ripped through elle family"s apartment structure in Paris. Auto target was les Pen"s father, Jean-Marie ns Pen, a former paratrooper in auto Algerian war, that founded the controversial far-right party. To this day, the perpetrators oui never been caught. Ne sont pas one was killed, cible Le Pen et her deux older sister awoke amidst shards of glass and rubble, et with année entire wall of the building blown out.

"She traces elle worldview actually, about how radicalement the people is, back to this event that was so traumatizing," sûr Cecile Alduy, who has written a book about ns Pen.


In her autobiography, Against thé Flow, le Pen writes: "That night je went à sleep like toutes les personnes little girls mien age. But when ns woke, i was no longer a précis girl like thé others."

Forty-one years later, supporters hang conditions météorologiques Marine le Pen"s every indigenous at a rally in Paris. Cette seems like not a single masculin in auto crowd has a sliver of a doubt that she is the best candidate — male or female — venir lead the party. It"s a striking difference with thé campaign ns Hillary Clinton in the U.S., where gender was haricot de soja often evoked.

To understand how a woman was able venir command finish control ns France"s most macho extremist political party, you oui to aller back to ns Pen"s childhood, says Olivier Beaumont, that wrote a livre about the le Pen family, dubbed In auto Hell du Montretout. He says the brutalement nature of sa upbringing made her very tough.

After thé explosion, her family moved right into a stone et brick mansion in a gated community seul outside Paris. The residence, dubbed Montretout, to be left to sa father in the will ns a rich right-winger who had non heir.

"When she arrives elle is traumatized et the loger smells de death because he has seulement died," Beaumont says. "And all day longue — morning, noon and night — far-right personalities from the party come every day. Elle father had actually his party effort on the first floor. The family lived above. He mixes family members life and politics. It"s a loger of politics violence et she"s going à grow up bathing in this environment."


Beaumont says Marine"s childhood is one of rupture, departures and doors slamming.

Her parents directif a bohemian lifestyle, to chat at all hours and sometimes going far sailing pour several weeks and leaving the girls through a nanny. When elle was 15, le Pen"s mère left. Alduy says ce happened incredibly suddenly.

"She came earlier from school and toutes les personnes her mother"s apparel were gone," she says. "She had actually gone far with de nouveau man. Et Marine les Pen was yes, really desperate. Elle stopped eating."

Le stylo wouldn"t see sa mother again for 15 years. Elle parents ultimately went with a bitter et very public divorce.

Another trauma, saus Alduy, was growing up through the le Pen name.

"Her last surname was always a burden," Alduy says. "She has described comment being auto daughter of Jean-Marie le Pen ont the national Front to be emerging oui a new controversial force on une hand lead sa to idealize sa father, who was substantially criticized. Cible she additionally suffered."

Le pen has said elle was ostracized by her classmates, and other households did no invite her home.

Alduy says cette caused ns Pen à develop a sort of clan mentality et close ranking around the family et the party.

Le pen became a psychological lawyer et struck out on sa own pour six years. During this time, elle defended not only members of the far right, cible represented immigrants pro bono when elle thought they were unjustly treated. But she might never really pour échapper à her father"s orbit.

She married a significant party member in 1995 and had three children in 1998 and 1999, consisting of a set de twins. She raised them oui a single mère after her divorcé in 2000. She is at this time with longtime companion, louis Aliot, also a prominent member du the party. They space not married.



The unapparent heir

On thé campaign trail, le Pen doesn"t speak a lot about gift a woman. But when elle does, both men et women determine with her.

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When asked who elle was et what she stood à la in a current debate, ns Pen said, "I"m a french woman, a mother and a candidate for thé presidency. à la me this choice is around a choice ns civilizations. Our nation is overrun par insecurity, economic et social disorder et Islamist terrorism. Ours values et identity space under threat."

Bertrand Dutheil de La Rochere is one of ns Pen"s advisors. Cette says she has never tried à use sa gender à la political gain.

"She"s a mother, elle had three kids within 10 months, marqué she"s a politics man," he laughs. "She does not jouer up auto fact of being a woman à say things like, "I want equality." "

Dutheil aux La Rochere says non one questions les Pen"s authority.

He meets with her every sunday afternoon et is in revendiqué of issues roughly secularism, année important principal pour Le Pen. Cette describes her ont very serious and very prepared. Cible he says she additionally has a fun side.

"She loves cats!" cette laughs. "And elle has plenty ns them. Et she loves to aller out and sing karaoke." especially famous français singers like Dalida and her classic "Paroles, Paroles" with alin Delon, cette says.

Dutheil ns La Rochere saus it"s no easy for Le stylo to raise elle children — that are tous teenagers now — with elle busy schedule.

Marine was the youngest daughter of blue jeans Marie and Pierrette ns Pen. Elle is said to be auto most like sa father. Elle mother oz told a magazine that father et daughter share the same strengths, significantly a reading de political situations and how to mélanger them. Les Pen is taking advantage du the traditional parties" collapse in this election.

But cette was larger sister, Marie-Caroline, that was supposed à be Jean-Marie"s successor. Elle even ran in a local election marqué Beaumont sûr Marie-Caroline couldn"t stand elle father"s racism remarks around blacks and Arabs, and the two split. Hey says lock haven"t talked in 20 years.

Marine was the une who took thé torch left passant par her sister, Beaumont says.

Marine les Pen became directly connected in auto party in auto early 2000s and took over the leadership from her father in 2011.

Her increase marked auto beginning ns the intérieur Front"s journey toward auto mainstream of french politics. Elle tried to "de-demonize" auto party et soften that is image, but her father seemed to go against toutes les personnes her efforts, Alduy says. "It"s really hard to become president if auditeur opinion considers you an extremist de base that might du repos the country," elle says.

While Marine le Pen tried venir reach out to auto economically fragile et draw in more young people et women, Olivier Beaumont says sa father"s xenophobic et anti-Semitic outbursts continued à dog her. So she decided to à faire damage control et cut that loose.

"She can"t stand his provocations about Nazi gas chambers et Marshal Petain, et she think he"s trying venir sink her," says Beaumont.

The biographer raffinement the straw the broke auto camel"s back was when sa father"s deux Dobermans eliminated her favori cat.

"The symbolic political pause with her father additionally became physical," hey says.

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Le pen moved out ns the mansion in 2014, et soon after, threw elle father out of the party. The two don"t speak anymore. Some speculate ce was all just show to convince personnes the party has actually truly changed. Cible Beaumont believes the du repos is real.

"There"s a big difference between Jean-Marie and Marine le Pen," cette says. "The father seul wanted to provoke. Auto daughter aspires venir real power. "