Auto entreprise et pole emploi

If you’re feather at starting a business in France, france has made cette easier parce que le foreign residents venir pursue your entrepreneurial dreams.

If searching à la jobs in france is no your choice et you are considering setup up a entreprise in la france this éléments will provide elle with thé guidance needed. Follow to the Ernst & jeune G20 Entrepreneurship Barometer reporter 2013, that easier venir start up entreprise in france than most est différent G20 countries: that cheaper, there space fewer steps, et it takes less time. Elle can aller through all the procedures required to set increase a petit to medium-sized entreprise – even one du up venir 50 employees – in oui little ont four et a fifty percent days.

Vous lisez ce: Auto entreprise et pole emploi


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The basics

If you want venir start a entreprise in France, you’ll need to have a residence permit jaune be an EU citizen. You may need qualifications or diplomas that français authorities recognize. Then you’ll need à research auto market, make budgets forecasts and financial plans, and if essential look à la funding. You’ll oui to choose your legitimate status et register your business. This guider explains an ext about setup up a entreprise in la france below.

Yes, over there is a fair peu of administration – cible you deserve to submit your tax declaration online,it’s free to set up a business, and handling the paperwork is a great step à testing her French entreprise sense.

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The information given here offers a général overview only; elle should always volonté professional advice native a français accountant jaune financial expert when setup up her own entreprise in France.

French businesses: choose a category

In France, businesses space in one of five different categories:

Commercial or industrial, such as running a shop, le café or factory;Trades/artisan, which includes structure trades, other manual jobs, part manufacturing;Independent jaune freelance experienced – functioning independently et providing a service such ont a dentist, writer, interpreter, musician;Commercial agent, wherein you loi – negotiate jaune sell for example – on behalf of un autre company;Agricultural.

Each du these has actually its own registration centre (Centre aux Formalités des Entreprises jaune CFE) local to every department in France. You have to set up your business through thé appropriate CFE et advise them ns any changes.

French entreprise legal structures

You have to decide which frais of entreprises structure – and tax routine – suits your business. Over there are two types de legal business structure in France:

a single trader (enterprise individuelle or EI);a company (société), together as an EURL, SARL, SA, and SAS.

What frais of legal de construction you pick depends nous what entreprises you want venir start; check with auto Chambers of commerce or qui appartiennent professional body. Other factors that impact your choice de legal charpente include whether tu want to be in sole revendiqué of the business, her turnover, si you ont personal assets tu want venir protect or si you want à pay taxes through income tax or corporation tax.

Sole trader

In this legal framework, you and the business are une legal entity. Your professional and personal assets merge, although tu can do a declaration ns seizure venir protect your home. Under this legitimate structure, elle can collection up oui a micro-enterprise. This merges thé old auto-entrepreneur and micro-enterprise systems. Pour more information on micro-enterprise, watch our manuel on becoming self-employed in France.

You can likewise opt à set up in entreprise as an EIRL (Entrepreneur de Individual limited Liability) wherein your personal assets room separate. In both cases, you trade under your very own name although you can take conditions météorologiques a entreprise or profession name.

If elle take on EI status, amie pay taxation through your personal income tax revenir in auto category pour your business: industrial and commercial profits (BIC) for traders and artisans, jaune Non-Commercial benefits (BNC) pour independent professionals. Si you opt parce que le EIRL status elle can choose à pay that company tax.


If elle choose to set up a entreprise (société), ce will it is in legally separate from you. Your an individual assets are protected from the company’s creditors. However, you pouvez be prosecuted if you use the company’s assets parce que le personal use. Your société must ont its own name, address, et a minimum of assets. You loi on behalf de the company, not conditions météorologiques your very own behalf. You peut être be taxation under corporate tax (IS) jaune the régime aux reel. Producing a company is not sauce soja straightforward oui it is for a sole trader. It involves recording your standing with the tax office, appointment ns officers, et publishing legit notices in thé press.

There room two henn types of company:

An EURL or entreprise Unipersonelle à Responsibilité Limitée is owned de a simple person and run as a limite liability single shareholder company by a gérant (managing director/company secretary) who peut être or peut être not be thé owner du the business and salaried/non-salaried. A SARL jaune Société à Responsibilité Limitée is a limite liability entreprise with in between two et 100 partners. Liability à la both is limité to the capitale investment.

Regulated businesses

Some job in france have intenté regulations, consisting of accountants, vets, hairdressers, builders, et even alcohol dealers. Si your entreprise is one ns these regulated professions, elle must register with thé appropriate organization. You peut être need à prove that you have the best qualifications, experience, and insurance liability avant you have the right to work.

Find out si the entreprises you want à set increase is regulated right here via thé APCE website – seulement click nous the proper letter de the alphabet venir find thé sector amie need.

Check your company name

You can inspect online and free of calculé whether auto name tu want venir use à la your société is already in use by another company v the académie National ns la Propriété industrielle (INPI). If you want venir protect your own entreprises name jaune logo amie must it is registered it ont a trademark (dépôt de marque) with thé INPI; in boîte you nothing ­ – et someone else starts using the same name or logo in the future – you will ont no legit right to keep it.

When you create a website then inspect that the name tu want is available through the AFNIC, auto registry pour .fr domain names.

Financial assistance

French financial institutions must offer financial assistance to nouveau businesses. These encompass a start-up loan Prêt à la Création d’Entreprise (PCE) pour up venir EUR 7,000 or business loan called Prêts Bancaires de Entreprises (PBE).

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Check out the website of your frais Régional pour information on financial assistance et loans as well as business advice.

If amie are unemployed jaune about à become unemployed, ce will be worth investigating two schemes: ACCRE and NACRE.

ACCRE uses financial soutien to unemployed personnes who wish à start up a business, v paying reduced social charges. Eligible people include those who space registered oui unemployed with thé government employed staff agency extrême Emploi, jaune are about venir be made unemployed passant par a bankrupt or liquidated company. If you collection up as année auto-entrepreneur, elle can importer a decreased rate of charge for up à three years; si you à faire not, then you oui to pay all social charge once your yearly income goes above €20,814 (2014 figures).

NACRE uses interest-free loans and business advice. Find out more from your local Direccte (Directions régional des entreprises, du la concurrence, ns la consommation, du mouvement et de l’emploi).

If tu want à apply pour funding pour your entreprise supported passant par the dérivation click here à find appropriate banks and venture capitalists in France.

How à set up your french business

The sapin step in setup up a entreprises is à register it. Toutes les personnes businesses must register avant they can operate. You have to do this through the Centre ns Formalités des Entreprises jaune CFE) jaune online at

There are various CFE parce que le each frais of entreprises activity et you need à make your app through thé appropriate CFE. Amie can discover your locale offices with their websites. Parce que le example:

To find the correct CFE for your type of business, click nous this list.

Documentation required for entreprises registration

What document you need venir register will differ depending on your frais of entreprise but pouvez include:

Proof ns address (EDF utility bill, rental agreement);Valid i would (valid passport or national travel ID, residence card);Proof the your spouse understands liability.

Click here à create an online CFE file.

If elle are setting up a société you peut être need venir deposit funds through a notary or bank, pour example, draft statutes à la the company (see this info at APCE), point out a CEO, et publish a notice du incorporation in a legit gazette.

What happens at the CFE

The CFE will send process your application et send your documents to the relevant bodies. Depending on the type and size of your business and whether tu will be taking nous employees, these may include:

National académie of Statistics and Economic études (INSEE), which will certainly register your lentreprise with the national entreprise directory et allocate SIRET, SIREN and APE numbers (see below);Centre des Impôts (the taxes office);Registre du Commerce und des Sociétés (RCS) – the commercial meugler register;social security;labour office (Direction Departemental du terrain et de L’emploi);health insurance allowance (Caisse regionale D’assurance Maladie);unemployment insurance, pension, employment bureau (Pole Emploi);Greffe de Tribunal du Commerce si you’re forming a entreprise or your entreprise is commercial;Répertoire des Métiers tu want to carry the end a trade jaune craft;the Caisses Socials and Inspection du Travail si you’ll be use others.

Business régner course

Depending conditions météorologiques your qualifications et experience, si you want to set up a business oui a tradesperson (artisan), you peut faire be required venir undertake maintain (Un stage du préparation à l’installation jaune SPI), meetings jaune workshops in order to learn about different aspects of running your own business. Your spouse deserve to take the arttasters too. Over there are similar optional course available venir those setup up commercial et industrial businesses. These cours cost roughly €250 marqué you may be may be to importer some aid with this – ask your Chamber ns Commerce.

SIREN, SIRET, and APE numbers

When amie register v your business, INSEE will issue you through a unique, 9-digit identification SIREN number. This official entreprise number is proof of your entreprise registration. It’s offered by all government et official agencies as soon as referring à your company.

Within about two weeks du registration, you will do it receive an Extrait KBIS, comprise a 14-digit SIRET number. The SIRET num refers à each business location you peut faire have and consists of the SIREN number plus a 5-digit establishment ID number. If you want venir find out an ext about your competitors, crucial in your competitors’ SIREN numbers here to discover when they collection up your business, how many employee they have and, si they’re a limite company, financial information such ont turnover, profit and loss – can be useful!

You will additionally have année APE (Activite Principale de l’Entreprise) or NAF code which identify the henchmen activity du your business. Each business in la france is categorized making use of these codes, which consist du four digits and a letter.

Hiring employees

Employing workers is high value in France. Si you want to take nous employees be afflicted with in mind that elle will oui to pay social charge for your staff in addition to thé social charge for your company. This method that you have to pay employees a réseau salary reconnaissance a additional 75% in employers’ et employees’ contribuer (companies pay the employee contributions).

Workers room well protected par labor law in France. Get professional advice nous drawing increase employment contracts, functioning conditions, employed staff law, and the minimum wage in France.

Setting up an offshore lentreprise

If you are considering setup up année offshore company, i.e. One that is registered, established, or incorporated outside du your country du residence, there are several diriger pros et cons you need to bear in mind.

Offshore incorporation is a straightforward process in tous of auto popular offshore financial centers et tax havens around the world. Castle can administer a broad range ns benefits to thé company and company principals.

How to prepare a french invoice (facture)

You should include thé following informations on your invoices in France:

date du the invoice;date of service or sale;description of service or sale;price, any kind of discounts;total lot excluding vat (prix HT, sauf tax), the VAT (TVA) or couverts that impôt not charged et total dollar price (TTC);client name et address;company name, société form (e.g., SARL);registered address;SIREN num (RCS si applicable).

Managing your accounts

Keep on top du paperwork;Maintain business and personal account separate;Keep all receipts;Have a separate bank account;Put de largent aside venir pay tax, social charges et VAT (if applicable).

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Getting professional advice

It’s always a an excellent idea to comprendre professional advice once you’re setting up a business. Année accountant (expert comptable) deserve to advise nous taxation, charges, thé law, and any available rebates parce que le example. Find an accountantthrough the french accountants’ professional corps the ‘l’Ordre des Expert-Comptables or local Chamber de Commerce, jaune consider using an affiliated audit center. If you want venir set increase a limité company, top a great notaire through Notaires ns France.

Useful contacts

Direccte (Directions régional des entreprises, aux la concurrence, du la consommation, du action et aux l’emploi)INPI – the institut National aux la biens Industrielle, which deals with trademarks, patents, designs, et company names.