LIBERTÉ ÉGALITÉ FRATERNITÉ OU LA MORT

A patrimoine of the âge of Enlightenment, the motto "Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité" sapin appeared during the français Revolution. Although ce was often called into question, ce finally developed itself under auto Third Republic. Ce was composed into thé 1958 Constitution et is nowadays part of the French intérieur heritage.

Vous lisez ce: Liberté égalité fraternité ou la mort


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"Unité, Indivisibilité de la République, Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité foins la Mort"Colored print edited by Paul andré Basset, prairial année IV (1796)© Photothèque des Musées de la Ville aux Paris - Ph. Ladet

Linked by François Fénelon at the end du the 17th century, the concept of "liberty", "equality" et "fraternity" became an ext widespread during the age of Enlightenment.

At auto time ns the french Revolution, "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" to be one de the numerous mottos in use. In a December 1790 speech on the organization de the denchères Guards, Maximilien Robespierre advocated that thé words "The french People" et "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" be written nous uniforms and flags, marqué his proposal to be rejected.

From 1793 onwards, Parisians, soon venir be imitated de the inhabitants du other cities, painted the following words nous the façades du their houses: "Unity, indivisibility de the Republic; liberty, equality or death". But they were quickly asked to erase auto phrase’s final part oui it was as well closely connected with thé Reign de Terror.

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This motto dropped into disuse under the Empire, like countless revolutionary symbols. It reappeared during thé Revolution of 1848 marked with a spiritual dimension: clergymans celebrated auto "Christ-Fraternité" and blessed the trees de liberty the were planted at the time. When the structure of 1848 to be drafted, thé motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" to be defined ont a "principle" of the Republic.

Discarded under the seconde Empire, this motto finally developed itself under auto Third Republic, although some people still objected to it, including partisans of the Republic: solidarity was sometimes preferred à equality which means a levelling ns society, et the christian connotation ns fraternity was no accepted by everyone.

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This motto was inscribed again conditions météorologiques the pediments of public buildings nous the l’occasion of thé celebration de 14 July 1880. It appears in auto constitutions of 1946 et 1958 et is today an integral part de our national heritage. It is found nous items used by the general public such oui coins et postage stamps.