Nombre De Rafale En France

Rafale is a twin-jet bataille aircraft capable of transporting out a wide range ns short et long-range missions, consisting of ground et sea attacks.

Vous lisez ce: Nombre de rafale en france


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jauge is a twin-jet lutter aircraft designed to perform short et long-range missions. La peinture courtesy ns Dassault aéronautique – M. Alleaume.
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The sapin Rafale plane was yielded to thé Government of india in October 2019. La peinture courtesy ns Dassault aéronautique – S. Rande.
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rafale F3-R défaut features improved versatility. D’image courtesy of Dassault aéronautique – A. Pecchi.
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Dassault aviation won a contract venir develop the technologically advanced jauge F4 standard. Photo courtesy du Dassault air – A. Pecchi.
jauge is a twin-jet bataille aircraft manufactured by Dassault aviation and is qui peut être of moving out a vast range du short et long-range missions. Cette can be used to perform ground et sea attacks, reconnaissance, high-accuracy strikes et nuclear strike deterrence.

The plane was developed for the french Navy et French aéronautique Force.

The fighter aircraft was offered in bataille operations in various nations, consisting of Afghanistan, Mali, Libya, Syria, and Iraq. Egypt, Qatar and India also ordered auto aircraft.

Rafale combat aircraft was displayed at Langkawi international Maritime and Aerospace (LIMA) Exhibition in march 2019.

France’s airforce and navy notified 180 (132 pour the airforce and 48 parce que le the navy) et 152 plane were delivered par January 2019. Auto manufacturer is expected to resume the delivery of the remaining 28 plane in 2022.

The percussion entered services with the français Navy in 2004 and the French air Force in 2006. Ten aircraft room operational nous the Charles ns Gaulle aircraft carrier.

The State of Qatar signed a contract v Dassault air to get 24 jauge fighters in may 2015. Auto $7bn contract also includes année option pour 12 additional fighters and the option was exercised par Qatar in December 2017. The lentreprise started the deliveries, v the first Rafale ceded to auto Qatari Emiri air Force in February 2019.

The français defence procurement firm (DGA) default the jauge F3-R défaut in October 2018. The F3-R is an advanced version of percussion F3 étendard with boosted versatility. In in march 2017, the french Government approved the development of nouveau advanced rafale F4 standard.

The company received the development contract parce que le the jauge F4 défaut aircraft in January 2019. Thé validation of the latest la norme is meant in 2024.

Rafale fighter aircraft development

Rafale B et C entered services with auto French aviation Force in june 2006, as soon as the life squadron was established. The seconde airforce squadron was collection up in 2008. A €3.1bn ($3.89bn) contract venir develop thé fully peut être F3 étendard aircraft was awarded to Dassault air (€1.5bn), Snecma (€600m), Thales (€500m) et other français contractors passant par the french Ministry de Defence in February 2004.

An order pour 59 F3 aircraft, 47 parce que le the airforce (11 two-seat et 36 single-seat) and 12 (single-seat) à la the navy, was inserted in December 2004. The jauge F3 was certified in July 2008. Auto contract likewise includes upgrades de the rafale F2 aircraft.

The sapin Rafale F3 was delivered to auto French aviation Force in 2008. In in march 2007, three French aéronautique Force and three navy percussion fighters to be deployed in Tajikistan in soutien of thé Nato internationale Security aider Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan.

The french Government ordered 60 additional jauge aircraft in November 2009. Brazil’s government awarded a $4bn contract to Dassault aviation in January 2010 à supply 36 jauge multirole aircraft.

The UAE was expected à acquire the jauge under a $10bn contract venir replace that 60 ageing Mirage fighters. In November 2011, however, the deal came venir a standstill when the UAE termed Dassault’s price et terms as ‘uncompetitive’. The country is additionally considering Eurofighter’s Typhoon to replace its ageing Mirage fighters.

In February 2012, the Indian Ministry ns Defence selected Rafale pour the Indian aviation Force’s MMRCA (medium multirole combat aircraft) programme. Auto contract is worth approximately $20bn.

Rafale emerged as the desired aircraft amongst various contenders pour what is gift called thé biggest military aviation contract in the world. That closest challenger was Eurofighter’s Typhoon.

Under thé contract, Dassault will certainly supply 126 percussion fighters. The life 18 fighters will certainly be supplied by 2015 et the rest will be made in inde under a modern technology transfer à Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL). This contract will be the first international supply à la Rafale.

The Indian federal government finalised a contract in April 2015 à la the acquisition ns 36 (28 single-seat et eight dual-seat) jauge aircraft. Année intergovernmental deal worth €7.87bn ($8.82bn) was signed venir facilitate auto purchase in September 2016. France delivered the sapin aircraft to india in October 2019.

Dassault air signed a sales contract with the Arab Republic du Egypt in February 2015 parce que le the supply ns 24 percussion fighter aircraft. It completed thé delivery du the 24th plane in July 2019.

Cockpit de Dassault’s percussion Multirole lutte Fighter

The cockpit has actually hands-on throttle et stick regulate (HOTAS). The cockpit is equipped with a heads-up, wide-angle holographic screen from Thales Avionique, which gives aircraft control data, mission data and firing cues.

A collimated, multi-image head-level display presents tactical situation and sensor data, while two touchscreen lateral displays montrer the aircraft system parameters and mission data.

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The pilot additionally has a helmet-mounted sight and display. A CCD camera and on-board recorder enregistrer the image of the head-up display screen throughout auto mission.

Rafale fighter weapons

Rafale can bring payloads of more 보다 9t nous 14 hardpoints pour the airforce version, with 13 à la the marin- version. The range of weapons includes: Mica, Magic, Sidewinder, ASRAAM and AMRAAM air-to-air missiles; Apache, AS30L, ALARM, HARM, Maverick and PGM100 air-to-ground missiles et Exocet / AM39, Penguin 3 and Harpoon anti-ship missiles.

For a strategic mission the percussion can deliver thé MBDA (formerly Aerospatiale) ASMP stand-off nuclear missile. In December 2004, thé MBDA storm Shadow / Scalp eg stand-off cruise missile to be qualified nous the Rafale.

In September 2005, the life flight ns the MBDA Meteor BVRAAM beyond visuellement range air-to-air missile was conducted nous a rafale fighter. In December 2005, successful trip trials were carried out from auto Charles de Gaulle ns the range de Rafale’s weapon systems, Exocet, Scalp-EG, Mica, ASMP-A (to replace thé ASMP) and Meteor missiles.

In April 2007, the rafale carried out the sapin firing ns the Sagem AASM precision-guided bomb, which has both système de positionnement géographique / inertial indict and, optionally, imaging infrared terminal guidance. Rafale oui been fitted with thé AASM native 2008. Rafale can bring six AASM missiles, through each aiming à hit the target with 10m accuracy.

The rafale has a twin arme à feu pod et a Nexter (formerly Giat) 30mm DEFA 791B cannon, i beg your pardon can sur le feu 2,500 rounds a minute. The percussion is equipped v laser designation pods pour laser guidance of air-to-ground missiles.

Countermeasure et sensor technology nous the twin-jet bataille aircraft

Rafale’s electronic warfare système is thé Spectra from Thales. Spectra incorporates solid state transmitter technology, a DAL laser warning receiver, missile warning, detection systems et jammers.

The percussion multirole lutter fighter is equipped with an RBE2 passive electronically scanned radar developed by Thales, which has actually look-down and shoot-down capabilities. Auto radar can surveiller up to eight targets simultaneously et provides hazard identification et prioritisation.

Thales arisen an actif electronically scanned déditions of the RBE2, which equipped the rafale in February 2011. Trip tests de the radar onboard the percussion took carré in 2008.

RUAG aviation was awarded a $5m contract by Thales in may 2009 à produce sub-assemblies for the RBE2 radar to be equipped nous the rafale fighter jet.

Optronic equipment include auto Thales / SAGEM OSF infrared search and track system, installed in auto nose de the aircraft. The optronic pluralisme carries out search, target identification, telemetry et automatic target discrimination and tracking.

In January 2012, the français Ministry du Defence awarded a ten-year contract to Thales venir maintain the electronic systems and warfare du the aircraft.

Navigation and communications de Dassault Aviation’s Rafale

The communications suite nous the percussion uses auto Saturn onboard very/ultra-high frequency (V/UHF) radio, i m sorry is a second-generation, anti-jam tactical UHF radio à la NATO. Saturn gives voice encryption in fast-frequency hopping mode.

The aircraft is additionally equipped through fixed-frequency VHF / UHF radio for les média with civil aviation traffic control. A multifunction information livré system (MIDS) terminal provides secure, high-data-rate tactical data exchange v NATO C2 stations, AWACS aircraft or naval ships.

The Rafale multirole combat fighter is powered passant par two M88-2 engines, each giving a thrust du 75kN.

Rafale is equipped v a Thales TLS 2000 navigation receiver, i m sorry is used à la the method phase du flight. TLS 2000 integrates the instrument landing système (ILS), microwave landing system (MLS) and VHF omni-directional radio-ranger (VOR) and marker functions.

The radar altimeter is the AHV 17 altimeter from Thales, i beg your pardon is suitable pour very court flight. The jauge has a TACAN tactical air navigation receiver parce que le en-route navigation et as a landing aid.

The jauge has an SB25A merged interrogator-transponder developed passant par Thales. Thé SB25A is the first IFF using digital scanning technology.

Rafale Multirole lutter Fighter engines

The rafale is powered passant par two M88-2 engines indigenous SNECMA, each offering a thrust of 75kN. Thé aircraft is equipped parce que le buddy-buddy refuelling with a flight refuelling water tap reel and drogue pack. The tons M88 engine was yielded in 1996. It is a twin-shaft bypass turbofan engine principally suitable for low-altitude penetration et high-altitude bloquer missions.

The M88 incorporates thé latest les technologies such ont single-piece bladed compressor disks (blisks), an on-polluting burning chamber, single-crystal high-pressure wind turbine blades, powder metallurgy disks, ceramic coatings and composite materials.

The M88 engine comprises a three-stage LP compressor v inlet manuel vane, année annular burning chamber, single-stage cooled HP turbine, single-stage cooled LP turbine, radial A/B chamber, variable-section convergent flap-type nozzle et full gouvernement digital engine control (FADEC).

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Messier-Dowty gives ‘jumper’ landing gear, designed to springout when thé aircraft is catapulted passant par the nose équipement strut.