Ville de france en i

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Île-de-France, région of la france encompassing thé north-central départements ns Val-d’Oise, Seine-et-Marne, Seine-Saint-Denis, Ville-de-Paris, Hauts-de-Seine, Val-de-Marne, Essonne, et Yvelines. Île-de-France is bounded de the régions of Hauts-de-France to auto north, vaste Est to the east, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté to the southeast, quartier général to thé south, and Normandy to the northwest. The capital is Paris. Area 4,637 square miles (12,011 carré km). Pop. (1999) 10,952,011; (2014 est.) 12,027,565.


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Geography

The région lies in the centre of the parisien Basin and consists du limestone levels with a tenderness rolling relief. The clé rivers are thé Seine et its tributaries—the Marne, Oise, and Aisne.

Île-de-France is the most densely populated région in France. In auto century in between 1850 et 1950, when most areas of la france were shedding population, parisien attracted migrants from all over auto country, oui well oui a large number of immigrants. Île-de-France had a fourfold expansion in populations between 1850 and 1968. Since auto 1960s, herbal increase has actually remained strong, because ns the région’s youthful population, cible growth has actually slowed, largely as a result of migrational loss. There has actually been an internal redistribution in auto région ont people oui moved from auto congestion et expense ns the inner districts du the capitale to the outer suburbs et adjacent petit towns wherein housing costs are lower and jobs have been relocated jaune created. Many ns the communes belonging venir Île-de-France are calmer classified as rural in spite of their proximity to Paris.

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The région is a principale tourist destination for international visitors. Du historical attention are the châteaus du Versailles, Mantes-la-Jolie, Rambouillet, Fontainebleau, Vaux-le-Vicomte, and Champs. A taille Disneyland template park in Marne-la-Vallée additionally is a significant tourist draw.

Île-de-France is the se concentrer of France’s various la communication networks. Apart from its countless motorways and rail links, it has a series ns port région along auto Seine et Marne. Within thé région the centre areas ns Paris are served passant par the métro (underground railway), while a newer montré line (Réseau exprimer Régional; RER) extend into thé Parisian suburbs. There are two international airports, Charles du Gaulle and Orly.

History

The area around paris was initially known as Francia, native which auto name of la france was derived. Under thé Merovingians (476–750), Francia meant thé region between the Rhine et the seine rivers; it was limited under the Carolingians to auto country bounded de the Aisne, Oise, et Seine rivers. In the 10th et 11th centuries it signified seulement un the territory limited by the Seine, the Marne, auto Beuvronne, the Oise, et the Nonette. Cette was from auto nucleus de this region that Hugh Capet, who became roi of la france in 987, et his followers consolidated the gouvernement of thé monarchy and thereby created auto modern french state.

In the Middle Ages, île (“island”) often designated areas more jaune less bounded par rivers cible was not offered specifically to “France” avant 1387. Auto name is not discovered in composed documents avant 1429. In the lundi half de the 15th century, however, cette designated a large military province du government, bounded nous the north par Picardy, auto west par Normandy, thé south de Orléanais and Nivernais, and the east by Champagne. Its capitale was Paris.

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In thé 16th century the gouvernement of Île-de-France was comprised under a gouverneur, or a sublieuénant of auto king. In auto 18th century it was divided between auto généralités, jaune intendances, of Paris et Soissons. Throughout the français Revolution, Île-de-France was split into départements. At the end du the 20th century, auto régions et their matching départements offered similar administrative functions.